Lesson XLIV - Imperative Middle and Passive

S413.
The personal endings in the middle and passive are:

  Singular Plural Dual
2. σο σθε σθον
3. σθω σθον σθων

S414. Learn the present, aorist, and perfect imperative middle and passive of λύω in 765 (λύου), 767 (λῦσαι), 769 (λέλυσο), and 770 (λύθητι).

S415. The form λῦσαι in the aorist is irregular. The aorist passive uses the active endings (401), and lengthens the tense suffix θε to θη before a single consonant. λύθητι is for λυθη-θι.

S416. VOCABULARY.
αἰτιάομαι, αιτιάσομαι, etc., mid. dep., blame, reproach, accuse.
ἀπαράσκευος, ον, (compare. παρασκευή), unprepared.
βιάζομαι (βιαδ), βιάσομαι, etc., middle deponent, force, compel, overpower.
ἕνεκα, improper preposition with genitive, on account of.
ἐπισῑτισμός, οῦ, ὁ, (compare ἐπισῑτίζομαι), a procuring of supplies, foraging.
παρακελεύομαι, urge along, exhort, urge.
χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, hand, arm.
χιτών, ῶνος, ὁ, undergarment.
χρῄζω (χρῃδ), want, need, desire
ψίλιον, ου, τό, armlet, bracelet.

S417.
1. εἰ δὲ χρῄζεις, πορεύου ἐπὶ τὸ ὄρος.

2. εἰς τὸ πεδίον αθροισθέντων οἱ Ἕλληνες.

3. τὰ δὲ πλοῖα μὴ μεταπέμψησθε.

4. παρακελεύεσθε Τισσαφέρνει στρεπτοὺς πέμπειν τοῖς ἄρχουσι καὶ ψέλια καὶ χιτῶνας.

5. πορευέσθω ἐν τῇ δεξιᾷ χειρὶ τὴν μάχαιραν ἔχων.

6 τὰ δὲ ἐπιτήδεια ἀγοράζεσθε καὶ συμπορεύθητε.

7. εὐθὺς οὖν πορεύεσθε μετὰ Κύρου εἰς τὴν ἀγορὰν ἐποστῑτισμοῦ ἕνεκα.

8. μὴ αἰτιάσησθε τὸν ἄρχοντα ὅτι απαράσκευος ἐστιν.

9. τοῦτον, ὠ ἄνδρες στρατιῶται, παίετε καὶ βιάσασθε πορεύεσθαι.

S418.
1. Urge the soldiers to rest.
2. Send, Cyrus, for the generals and the captains of the Greeks.
3. Proceed with them, soldiers, into the villages.
4. Let the mercenaries be collected in the market-place.
5. Proceed slowly, soldiers, through the plain.

S419. Splendid Discipline of the Persian Nobles.
ὥρμησαν γὰρ ὥσπερ περὶ νίκης κατὰ γηλόφου, ἔχοντες τοὺς
τε καλοὺς χιτῶνας καὶ τὰς ποικίλᾱς ἀναξυρίδας, ἔνιοι δὲ καὶ
στρεπτοὺς περὶ τοῖς τραχήλοις καὶ ψέλια περὶ ταῖς χερσίν˙ εὐθὺς
δὲ σὺν τούτοις εισερήδησαν εἰς τὸν πηλὸν καὶ ἐξεκόμισαν τὰς
ἁμάξας.
ὁ δὲ Κῦρος ἔσπευδε πᾶσαν τὴν ὁδὸν καὶ οὐ διέτρῑβεν ὅπου μὴ
επισῑτισμοῦ ἕνεκα ἤ (or) τινος ἄλλου ἔδει˙ ἐβούλετο γὰρ τὸν
'Αρταξέρξην ἀπαράσκευον λαμβάνειν.

See the route on the map.

End Of Chapter
This Revision Copyright ©2012 by Shawn Irwin

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